Make sure to read the Before you start! section before attempting this walkthrough.

Phase I: Preparation Edit

  1. If you haven't already, back up your existing Atari TT hard drive per the Before you start! page.
    1. To do this, temporarily terminate your original Atari TT SCSI drive and plug it into the Windows PC or whichever machine you'll use to image it.
    2. Create an image with SelfImage or other imaging software. You'll want to steer clear of using GEMExplorer for imaging drives larger than 1GB.
    3. Unplug the original Atari TT SCSI drive and remove its termination.
  2. Plug the new SCSI drive (onto which you will later install NetBSD Atari) into the Windows PC.
    1. If the PC has an Adaptec 2940AU or similar SCSI card, you can press CTRL-A during boot to get to the SCSI BIOS.
    2. From the SCSI BIOS, verify the drive (if there is an option to do this), then format it. Formatting may take quite a while.
  3. On Windows, format three floppies as 1.44MB disks.
  4. Copy netbsd-ATARITT.gz from the NetBSD 1.6.1 distribution to one floppy. (NetBSD 1.6.1 is the latest known installable version of NetBSD Atari)
  5. Rename the file on the floppy to ataritt.gz. (To avoid any issues with DOS long file names)
  6. On the second floppy, copy gzip.ttp, loadbsd.ttp.gz, rawwrite.ttp.gz from here.
  7. Use GZIP to unzip loadbsd.ttp.gz and rawwrite.ttp.gz.
  8. Also on the second floppy, copy sysinst.fs.gz.
  9. Rename sysinst.fs.gz to just sysinst.gz but do not extract it.
  10. Extract AHDI.ZIP from here to the third floppy. (This is the latest version of AHDI, the TOS driver for the TT030's SCSI.)

Phase II: Booting to the Installer Edit

  1. Now with both the old and new hard drives connected to the TT030 as described in the Disk section, turn on the TT030. As soon as the power light goes on, hold down the "Alternate" key. Once the memory tests pass and the hard drive countdown starts, release Alternate and press it a couple of times, then hold it down again. With Alternate held down, press Esc and wait a few seconds. The TT030 will boot to TOS stored in ROM.
  2. Put the AHDI floppy in the drive and open the "A" drive on the desktop.
  3. Go into the AHDI605C directory and run AHDI.PRG.
  4. Very quickly you should see both SCSI hard drives on your system detected, then you will be returned to the TOS desktop.
  5. From the "Options" menu, choose "Install Devices." You should now see the partition (or partitions) on the old TOS drive as icons on the desktop.
  6. Open the partition onto which you want to store the NetBSD files and create a new directory called NB161.
  7. Copy ataritt.gz, gzip.ttp, loadbsd.ttp, rawwrite.ttp, and sysinst.gz from the floppies you created into the NB161 directory. (Just drag/drop the files in the TOS interface.)
  8. Double-click gzip.ttp. As the command line parameters, use "-d ataritt.gz". (Just the text, not the quotes -- here and everywhere else in this document unless otherwise noted.) When the extraction is complete you will be returned to TOS.
  9. Double-click gzip.ttp. As the command line parameters, use "-d sysinst.gz".
  10. Put a fresh 1.44MB floppy in the drive.
  11. From the File menu, select "Format Floppy Disk..."
  12. Click "High Density" and then click OK.
  13. Once the formatting has completed, click Quit.
  14. Double-click rawwrite.ttp. As the command line parameters, use "-H sysinst". (-H specifies high density) Once the operation is complete you will be returned to TOS.
  15. Double-click loadbsd.ttp. As the command line parameters, use "-b ataritt" without the quotes.
  16. Observe NetBSD boots to the root device prompt. Among other things, note that your network card and both hard drives should be detected.
  17. At the root device prompt, type "md2a" and press Return.
  18. Press Return twice more to select the default dump device and default file system.
  19. The contents of the sysinst floppy will be loaded.
  20. Select your keyboard map as prompted and press Return.
  21. You are now presented with the NetBSD installer.

Phase III: The Installer Edit

  1. Select the Utility menu.
  2. Select Configure network.
  3. Press return to select the default network interface (le0).
  4. Type your DNS domain. If your machine will be, your DNS domain would be "".
  5. Type your host name. In the above example, your hostname would be "ataritt".
  6. Type your IPv4 address for this machine. You can configure DHCP later, so just pick something that will get you on your local network and won't conflict.
  7. Type your IPv4 netmask or just press Return to select the default.
  8. Type your IPv4 gateway IP address.
  9. Type your IPv4 nameserver IP address.
  10. If everything is correct, select Yes to start the network.
  11. Allow the network configuration to proceed. If you want, choose the utility menu option to drop to a shell and verify connectivity.
  12. Exit back to the main menu.
  13. Select the option to install NetBSD.
  14. You should have previously set your new NetBSD drive to SCSI ID 0. Your TOS drive on SCSI ID 1 should be backed up anyway. Now is the point of no return, so if you're not sure then maybe you want to just stop here.
  15. Select Yes at the warning.
  16. Select sd0 as the disk onto which NetBSD will be installed. This should be the default.
    1. You may see a warning "unknown disklabel format- assuming empty disk." This is OK.
  17. Choose not to use AHDI compatible partitioning. (This means you will use the entire disk for NetBSD)
  18. Choose the "Custom" disk option.
  19. Select Megabytes as your size specifier.
  20. Make the root partition size the size of the disk minus 256. (18745 if you're using the recommended Seagate 18GB drive)
  21. Make the swap partition size 256.
  22. Select "Partitions are ok"
  23. Press Return to select the default "mydisk" label.
  24. Select "Yes" to format your sd0 drive.
  25. Now go get some lunch, the formatting takes a whlie!

Phase IV: The Actual Installation Process Edit

  1. Press Return when prompted.
  2. Select Custom installation.
  3. De-select hades and milan kernels and anything else you don't want (eg: games). Do this by using the arrow keys and Return. Then exit the selection menu via Exit at the bottom.
  4. Choose not to see the file names.
  5. Choose ftp.
  6. Choose the default ftp directory.
  7. Edit the ftp Directory to change "pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-1.6.1/atari/binary/sets" to "pub/NetBSD-archive/NetBSD-1.6.1/atari/binary/sets". Type carefully as this is case sensitive.
  8. If you have a proxy server, configure it appropriately using the menu.
  9. Choose the Get Distribution menu option.
  10. Go out to dinner while the sets download and install.

Phase V: Finishing Up Edit

  1. Press Return when prompted.
  2. Allow the device files to be created. This will take 5-10 minutes or so.
  3. Choose to install the network information in /etc.
  4. Press Return when prompted.
  5. Wait a little bit after you see the next screen appear and a time zone picker will appear.
  6. Scroll down to select your time zone, then press Return to set it.
  7. Press 'x' to get to Exit and then press Return.
  8. Pick MD5 for the password cipher. At least it's better than DES.
  9. Set the root password.
  10. Hit Return when prompted.
  11. Go back to the utility menu and start /bin/sh. The following steps walk you through getting the ATARITT kernel (so you have networking on boot). If you can't get ftp to work (behind a proxy?) then you could always mount the floppy you already have it on and get it from there instead of re-FTPing it.
  12. mount /dev/sd0a /mnt
  13. cd /mnt
  14. ftp
  15. log in as "anonymous" with password ""
  16. cd /pub/NetBSD-archive/NetBSD-1.6.1/atari/binary/kernel
  17. get netbsd-ATARITT.gz
  18. exit
  19. gunzip netbsd-ATARITT.gz
  20. mv netbsd netbsd-orig
  21. mv netbsd-ATARITT netbsd
  22. cd /
  23. umount /mnt
  24. exit
  25. Exit the utilities menu
  26. Choose the option to reboot the machine.
  27. Observe the machine boots.
  28. Log on as root.
  29. shutdown -p now
  30. Turn the machine off once it has halted.
  31. Remove the old TOS hard drive.
  32. If you'd like, you can now also remove the new hard drive and image it.
  33. You can now remove the power splitter and properly install the new HD into the TT030 case.

That's it, you now have a working NetBSD 1.6.1 install on your Atari TT030! Now go run through the Basic post-install steps.

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